Why TYA Should Join the Dark Side (of Fairy Tales): my extended interview with Gypsy Thornton part 1
I had the pleasure to interview Gypsy Thornton of Once Upon a Blog recently. Segments of our interview appeared in the article "Why TYA Should Join the Dark Side (of Fairy Tales)", but she had such great insight that I gained permission to publish our extended interview. CINDY MARIE JENKINS: Sometimes people are surprised to hear how dark the origins of their favorite fairy tales are. Why do you think that is? GYPSY THORNTON: I think this comes from generations where people have been exposed to Disney and 'softened' retellings more than the traditional fairy tale collections kids grew up with before. Before video, you couldn't just 'pop on a show' to entertain the kids so story collections were very popular. Collections of fairy tales before the 80's often included one or two lesser known ones and although the language was always kid-friendly, there were usually hints in the text and illustrations that both initial conditions and, eventually, punishments for the evil-doers were quite severe.
Enter Disney marketing the new 'princess culture' of the 80's that began with their hit animated musical
The Little Mermaid, and the era of PC tale telling of the 90's. Absolutes tended to disappear. Evil wasn't so much 'evil' as misunderstood, and everything and everyone could be rehabilitated. Ironically one of the things I've found helps kids feel safe is when things are more extreme: black and white, good and evil, rules are rules and punishment is given when they're broken. When villains are vanquished, despite that there is often death involved, kids are greatly comforted by the fact that death is final, meaning that evil- or evil person - cannot return. The hero and heroine are now safe to truly live happily ever after, and the kids feel they personally are too.
One of the effects of 'soft' fairy tales is that you end up with watered down versions of the tale, which makes them easier to dismiss. They're less relevant to life as they no longer have as much resonance and kids don't learn many valuable things from them anymore. Fairy tales weren't a variety of stories with elements of wonder anymore - they became distillations of dreams, magic and the incredibly fantastical. Magic had flourishes and sparkles, a thrilling soundtrack and cheering at the end of every story. Unlike the stories of real people with an element of the fantastic that gave them choices, all the new protagonists were already special and magical things happened because of it.
The big take-away is that fairy tales are for 'little kids' and people who can't deal with reality. I don't think it's a coincidence we've ended up with generations that are taking longer to leave home, to get married and start their own families. Being able to deal with ambiguity, having tools to battle challenges and fears and encouraging creative thinking - these are all things embedded in the 'less sparkly' fairy tales. When you read and hear these 'less fantastical' tales as children, with their black and white boundaries, their clear-cut rules and rewards, it's a safe forum to learn these things from and to expand your understanding into as your knowledge of the world grows. When you read them for the first time as an adult, the full weight of all the implications can crash in at once, making them seem a little frightening. Despite being obviously fantasy, they can feel 'too real'. It's an interesting irony.
One of the things almost guaranteed to make fairy tale students and scholars groan is an article that pronounces 'you'll never believe the dark origins of your favorite fairy tales!'. Every second headline seems to be using this 'clickbait' these days, but talk to anyone who found an 'old fairy tale' in a difficult childhood and you'll hear they were, and remain useful tools - for hope. [CMJ note: see my article about the musical Into the Woods]
The quote that 'fairy tales are more than true - not because they tell us that dragons exist, but that we can defeat them' (GK Chesterton) is well worn but remains so relevant. In the 'sensational' discovery of 'horrors' in older versions of fairy tales, people can't help but see they can't be dismissed as easily. They speak on many harsh things, and, as such, can be related to the harshness of real life. A surface glance will indeed make people shy away if they're unfamiliar, but fairy tales have staying power, not (just) because they dwell in the dark places (and recognize life is sometimes awful), but particularly because they show people the possibility of coming out the other side.
Hope is a powerful thing and fairy tales have that in spades. Nice fairy tales are 'nice' and are great for dreaming. There is nothing wrong with that - at all. But fairy tales that encourage you to get up on your remaining limbs and keep going? They're the ones that tell you life is worth living, no matter how tough it gets. Unlike dreams that have a tendency to vanish in disillusionment, these are the stuff of hope. Unfortunately, in our contemporary era, the trade off of (relative) stability is that we have a tendency to try and shield our children from disillusionment, instead of seeing it as inevitable and preparing them to cope.
Read the series "Talking TYA on The Clyde Fitch Report, including "Why TYA Should Join the Dark Side (of Fairy Tales)", (part 2).
Read more from Gypsy Thornton on Once Upon a Blog.